Anak sulong saya macam saya, menghidapi ekzema. Sebenarnya ada pelbagai jenis ekzema. Yang paling common ialah 'atopic dermatitis'. Saya sendiri tak pasti sama ada ekzema along ni kategori atopic dermatitis atau yang lain. Dari kecil kulit dia kasar dan tak 'selembut kulit bayi'. hehe.. Selain tu, kepala along memang berkerak dari bayi. Orang kata kerak tu akan hilang bila dah besar. Tapi saya tengok sampai dia umur 5 tahun kerak tu masih ada, dan nampak macam kelemumur. Bila kita gosok kulit kepala, berterbangan kuping-kuping putih.. Puas juga saya bubuh minyak zaitun, minyak kelapa dan gosok hingga hilang kuping-kuping tu.. tapi tak lama lepas tu datang semula. Sampai ke satu tahap, saya tengok ada spot rambut jarang kat kepala dia. Aduhai.. takkan nak botak pulak anak saya ni. umur belum 6 tahun. Sedih juga rasa. Akhirnya saya rujuk pada doktor (selama ni tak refer doktor sebab ingat kerak biasa je). Doktor kata kerak tu akibat fungus atau kulat. Saya syak, ada kaitan jugak dengan ekzemanya. Alhamdulillah, setelah dirawat dengan ubat anti-fungus di samping dibotakkan beberapa kali.. Nampak dah banyak berkurang. Dah takde 'bald spots' macam sebelum ni...
Saya jumpa satu artikel menarik di webmd tentang cara-cara nak 'deal' dengan ekzema. Walaupun mungkin ekzema ni nampak macam perkara kecil.. Tapi ada kes kanak-kanak ekzema yang menggaru hingga luka dan dan berdarah. Kalau orang tua bolehlah kita nak control kan. Tapi kalau budak-budak yang menderita ekzema yang kronik, memang kesian.
Anyway, jom baca..
Bathing With Eczema
When you have eczema, how you wash your skin is important. Take a short, warm (not hot) bath or shower every day. Use a gentle cleanser instead of soap and avoid scrubbing your skin. Pat your skin slightly dry. While your skin is still damp, apply moisturizer within 3 minutes to seal in moisture. An oatmeal bath can help control itching. But for your baby or child, ask your health care provider before using oatmeal products in the bath.
The best way to soothe the dry, itchy skin of atopic dermatitis -- the most common type of eczema -- is to moisturize. Creams and ointments are more effective than lotions. And petroleum jelly works well after a bath. Be sure to choose moisturizers without fragrances or ingredients like alcohol that can actually dry skin. Moisturize two to three times a day, including after bathing and every time you wash your hands.
Don't Scratch the Itch
Try not to scratch or rub your skin when it itches. This will only worsen the itch and inflammation. When you scratch, you can break the skin and open it up to infection. Instead, apply a cold moisturizer or a cool gel to soothe the skin. Keep your child's fingernails clipped short so she can't make the rash worse by scratching. Consider having your child wear light gloves to bed if she scratches while she sleeps.
Eczema and Clothing Tips
With eczema, it helps to wear loose-fitting clothes made out of soft, open-weave, comfortable fabrics like cotton. Avoid irritating fabrics like wool or coarsely woven materials. Wash all new clothes before you wear them in order to remove potentially irritating chemicals like formaldehyde. Use a mild laundry detergent that doesn't have fragrances or dyes. Rinse clothes twice to remove traces of soap.
Stress and Eczema
Stress can cause eczema to get worse in adults and children. The key to minimizing stress-related eczema is to find ways to reduce stress -- like exercise, meditation, or relaxing hobbies. Parents should learn how to recognize stressful situations -- such as tests and sports competitions -- and teach kids how to manage them. Show them breathing techniques or encourage them to take a break and do something fun.
Watch Your Temperature
When you're too hot or too cold, your eczema can get worse. High temperatures can make you sweat, which can make your skin itchy and irritated. In winter, heated indoor spaces often have low humidity, which dries skin and causes itching. Avoid using lots of blankets so you won't sweat while you sleep. And take a short, lukewarm shower after you exercise.
Psychological Impact of Eczema
Children with eczema often deal with teasing, bullying, and stress that prevents them from sleeping well. One study found that kids with eczema — and their parents — felt that their lives were as bad as kids with more serious diseases. Because eczema is so visible, it can lead to self-esteem issues. If you have a child who is being teased or excluded, talk to the teacher or parents of the children involved.
Always wear sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher in order to avoid getting a sunburn. Sunburn can make your skin even itchier than normal. Try using sunscreens made for the face on your entire body. They are usually less irritating than regular sunscreens. Products containing zinc oxide or titanium oxide also may be less likely to bother your skin.
Your Eczema Prognosis
About half of all children with eczema will outgrow it by the time they are teenagers. They may, however, continue to have dry, irritable skin, and a few will continue to have eczema when they are older. There is no cure for eczema, but you can control it with treatment. Eczema generally occurs more often in winter, when the air is cold and dry.
InsyaAllah, dalam entri lain saya akan kongsikan lebih banyak info tentang ekzema, bagaimana seseorang boleh dapat ekzema, serta cara untuk mengurangkannya kalaupun tak dapat atasinya.. dengan Shaklee lah, apa lagi ;)